Spina bifida is a malformation of the neural tube (spinal injury) that occurs during the first month of pregnancy, causing irreparable damage to the central nervous system, which results in engine failure, neurological function, renal and digestive sufferers. These difficult to carry out daily activities and affect their quality of life.
This condition happens very soon after the conception, often before the woman realizes she is pregnant.
Types of Spina Bifida
- Hidden Spina Bifida: Usually no symptoms.
- Spina bifida with meningocele: occurs in 4% of cases.
- Spina bifida with myelomeningocele: occurs in 96% of cases.
- Loss of sensation in the skin below the level of injury.
- Muscle Weakness.
- Incontinence of bowel and bladder.
Treatment of Spina Bifida
- Early surgical correction of the defect.
- Shunt implantation for managing hydrocephalus.
- Intermittent catheterization to drain the bladder.
- Special diet and training for bowel movements.
- Orthopedic or physiotherapy intervention for the treatment of symptoms Skeletal muscles.
- Permanent medication.
- Psychological care.
- Family care.
- Social Inclusion.